Time and time again we hear athletes comment on
the impact their coaches have had on them as athletes and people. No
other role within sport can influence as greatly as that of a coach on
Understanding this influence is vital to the coach.
The question is: how will you be remembered as a coach by your athletes?
The following tips provide some direction for coaches to increase
their chance of having the greatest impact possible on their junior
Are you really ready?
You may think you are ready to coach but are you really ready to coach?
Coaching is so much more than just turning up and letting your athletes
run around for an hour. As a coach you must be ready to deliver training
sessions and game days that reflect the needs of the athletes. If
you’re not asking yourself “What is the best thing I can do for my
athletes?” then maybe you’re not ready to coach at the moment.
Coaching teams in the heat of competition can be very emotional and a
good coach needs to be able to control their emotions. Are you “cool”
under pressure? This is a vital skill and can be developed. Remember as a
coach you are “a leader” and people look to you as a role model.
Know yourself as a coach
- Ask yourself “Why am I coaching?”
- Understanding your personal coaching philosophy is important. This
understanding will allow you to be consistent in the way you deliver
- Are you a coach who wants to develop the skills of young people and ensure they enjoy participating in sport?
- Or are you more the “I want to win” type of coach?
Both thoughts are fine, although the type of team you should coach may
differ. If you are an “I want to win” type coach then maybe the under 8s
aren’t for you!
Know your athletes
Ask your athletes:
- “Why are you playing this sport?”
- “What do you want to achieve this season?”
You will probably be surprised by the answers so make sure you listen carefully.
It is essential that you feel comfortable in addressing the needs and goals of the team.
If they are a group of athletes wanting to socialise with their
friends and enjoy themselves but you are a win at all costs type of
coach then you are in for a very long season.
Becoming an accredited coach will provide you with the skills and the
confidence to enjoy the season and make a significant positive impact on
your athletes. Access the National Coaching Accreditation Scheme (NCAS)
that is in place to support the education and development of coaches. Contact your State Sporting Association (SSA) for information regarding sport-specific courses.
Maintain your accreditation and update your knowledge
Coaching is an ever-changing beast. It is essential that you continue to
update your knowledge by maintaining your accreditation and attending
regular training courses that will assist your coaching development.
There are also many good quality resources available online through the Australian Sports Commission and your SSA.
Be familiar with your sport’s Codes of Behaviour
Your specific sport should have developed Codes of Behaviour for its
coaches. These provide a set of guidelines that when followed will
provide a safe and positive environment for athletes to participate in.
If your sport doesn’t have one there is a generic Codes of Behaviour available online.
Be well versed in your responsibilities in and on child protection
There is nothing more important than the safety of our children.
In Western Australia it is legislated for through the Children and Community Services Act 2004.
Please refer to The Law and Sport for more details.
More information about safe environments for children and young people.
Involve your parents
It is essential to involve parents from the outset to increase the
chance that they will provide assistance throughout the season. This
assistance could come in the form of help during your coaching sessions
and game day or simply as support of your positive philosophies.
From the very outset:
- Encourage any help and support they are willing to provide
- Call a meeting to explain your coaching philosophy and expectations for the season
- Encourage parents to support this philosophy and expectations
- Encourage them to positively encourage their children
- Demonstrate that you are prepared to listen to their concerns and issues
- Highlight that the development of their child is a team effort.
Be as patient as a saint
Whether you are coaching the under 8s or the under 21s all coaches
require the patience of a saint. Guiding a group of athletes through the
development of skills is at the best of times challenging. However, it
can also be very rewarding.
If you feel your patience wearing thin, just stop, take a breath,
rethink the situation and then either continue or try another tack.
If this is an ongoing issue for you, find an experienced coach that can provide you with a few more tips.
Respect players, officials, coaches and spectators.
The successful delivery of sport is a group effort. Coaches are very
public role models and they must always be seen to be respectful in
their conduct with players, spectators, officials and other coaches.
Failing to plan is planning to fail
Even the most experienced coach needs to plan. Planning increases the
chance that the session will run smoothly and effectively and it also
increases the chance that sessions will be sequential throughout the
If athletes are going to improve then they have to practice – a lot.
Introducing practices and activities that involve small groups and lots
of equipment assists in helping athletes develop skills and strategies
more quickly. Time spent waiting in long lines is time wasted.
Keep on improving!
Improving as a coach is more than just attending courses and becoming
accredited. Self-evaluation is an essential skill. Following coaching
sessions ask yourself:
- What were some of the good things I did during the session?
- What are some things I can improve on?
- What did my athletes achieve?
The answers to these questions will guide you to make adjustments to your coaching.
Also, look to be mentored by another experienced coach. Asking more
experienced coaches to watch your sessions and provide feedback is a
very powerful way to continue your improvement.
If you have ever coached you know that the difference in skill levels
within your team can be significant. An inclusive coach is one that
adapts and modifies activities and games to ensure that the greatest
opportunity is given for all athletes to participate regardless of their
age, gender, disability, skill level or ethnic background.
One of the greatest fears we find with beginning coaches is the concern
that they won’t be able to control their athletes in an environment
without walls. One of the ways to overcome this is to ensure you set
boundaries for your athletes to work within.
Where appropriate, use field or court markings or coaching markers to
indicate the area you would like athletes to complete the activities
within. Just doing this simple task will make your coaching sessions so
much easier to control.
Observe and demonstrate more
Coaches love to talk. However, there is usually a lot of time when they
need to stand back, let their athletes practice and just observe what is
What should you be observing?
- Look for ways to increase participation within the group.
- Are there any faults with the activity or technique as indicated by the struggle of athletes?
- Is one particular athlete struggling that needs your help?
- Are athletes following the instructions you gave them or do you need to repeat the explanation?
There are also times when athletes need to focus on their practice in peace and quiet.
- Remember that over 60 per cent of any message comes from body
language. Make your actions match your words and where possible show
things rather than explaining them.
When you are ready to explain a drill, skill or tactic, try to
demonstrate it rather than just talk it through. It will usually be
faster to do and there is much better chance your athletes will
understand what is required
- Keep the coaching points to a minimum. Athletes usually only
remember one to three points so after that you are wasting your breath.
- And while you are at it, remember to listen. Athletes can
provide a huge amount of information on how effective your coaching is.
Provide feedback in a sandwich
Feedback is an excellent way to learn and develop and there are ways to
deliver your feedback so it is more effective for your athletes.
When providing feedback to your athletes, use the ‘sandwich’ approach.
Layer the corrective feedback with a positive comment either side.
For example, “That is great body position, make sure you extend your arm
after you have shot, keep up the effort”.
The athlete now has useful information and they feel good about their efforts.
Understand the risk?
It is essential that a coach provides a safe environment for their athletes to train and compete in.
At the beginning of the session, check the area you will be training
in. Look for anything that may cause an injury (e.g. rocks, glass,
unprotected goal posts, fences etc.).
Also, ensure that the drills/games you deliver are safe.
Ensure protective equipment is used (shin guards, mouthguards etc.).
During the session, keep the area clear of loose equipment that players may trip on.
Know your first aid or know someone who does.
At the very least, ensure there is a basic first aid (including ice) available at all training sessions and games.
Know you are doing a great service
Sometimes coaching can be hard. There may be times when you just want
to walk away because things aren’t happening the way you want them to.
Hold on and remember that despite it all, if you have followed the above
steps, you are making a significant, positive, long-term impact on your
In the end, when you reflect on the season, the good times will far outweigh the bad.
There are many resources developed for coaches at the club level.
Consider doing an accredited coaching course.